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Bow and Crossbow Equipment Standards

General
Bows
Crossbows
Prohibited Equipment

General

  1. All equipment should be consistent with archery equipment used between 600-1600 AD in appearance and function. 
  2. Equipment must be in good condition and appropriate for Combat Archery use.  See the Inspection Standards for more details. 
  3. Bows/crossbows must be powered solely be the flex of the limbs. (Soc) 
  4. Bow/crossbow strings with loops made by compressed metal/plastic clips are NOT allowed.

Bows

  1. A handbow’s power is measured at 28 inches.  (~Soc) 
  2. All handbows must be designed & constructed for at least a 28 inch draw length. Shorter draw lengths are prohibited, as they cannot be safely drawn to 28 inches. 
  3. The minimum measurement for all handbows is 20 pounds at 28 inches.  (Soc) 
  4. Light bows measure 20- 30 pounds at 28-inch draw length. Light bows can shoot both tubular and fiberglass shaft ammunition.  (~Soc) 
  5. Heavy bows measure 31-50 pounds at 28-inch draw length.  Heavy bows may shoot ONLY tubular ammunition.  (~Soc) 
  6. Heavy bows must be marked with a 4-inch wide band of red material (tape, cloth, etc.) that goes completely around the upper limb of the bow to show marshals at a glance that they are heavy bows and may not shoot fiberglass shafts.

Crossbows

  1. The minimum measurement for all crossbows is 400 inch-pounds.  (Soc) 
  2. Light crossbows measure 400-600 inch-pounds.  Light crossbows can shoot both tubular and fiberglass ammunition.  (~Soc) 
  3. Heavy crossbows measure 601-1,000 inch-pounds.  Heavy crossbows may shoot ONLY tubular ammunition.  (~Soc) 
  4. Heavy crossbows must be marked with a 4-inch wide band of red material (tape, cloth, etc.) that goes completely around the right side of the prod of the crossbow to show marshals at a glance that they are heavy bows and may not shoot fiberglass shafts.

PROHIBITIONS

The following are not allowed in a combat archery environment in the Middle Kingdom:

  • Hand slings. 
  • Stone bows. 
  • Small pistol style crossbows. 
  • Forward or rear style pistol grip/s. 
  • Combat archery crossbows which utilize a mechanical advantage cocking lever (sometimes call a “Goat’s Foot”). 
  • Chinese repeating crossbows or repeating crossbows of any type. 
  • Split prod design for crossbows utilizing a center shot system (an individual prod on each side instead of a solid one). 
  • PVC bows. 
  • Non-Society period sights, spring/flipper rests, plunger buttons, stabilizers, clickers, or modern release aids.  (Soc) 
  • Compound bows and compound crossbow prods.  (~Soc) 

NOTE- for photos See Appendix A at the end of this Handbook .